What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer among men. Part of the male reproductive system, the prostate is a small gland located beneath the bladder and is responsible for aiding in the production of seminal fluid. While most types of prostate cancers are slow-growing, some forms can be more aggressive in nature. If prostate cancer is detected and treated early, however, the prognosis for recovery is often favorable.
When it comes to diagnosing and treating prostate cancers, board-certified urologists Drs. Ahmad and Ali Kasraeian provide care that is simply second to none. The father and son team has a vast amount of experience and advanced expertise in urologic medicine and takes the most minimally invasive approaches possible to diagnosing and treating the various stages of prostate cancer. If you or a loved one has symptoms of prostate cancer, contact Kasraeian Urology in Jacksonville, FL to reserve a private visit with one of our prostate surgeons and explore your treatment options. Dr. Ali Kasraeian is a highly regarded second opinion specialist for prostate cancer and draws on his extensive training and experience in confirming diagnoses and treatment recommendations.
What Are The Causes Of Prostate Cancer?
During your prostate cancer screening at Kasraeian Urology, we will talk with you about aspects of your health or life that may elevate your risk of this condition. In simple terms, changes or mutations in the DNA of normal, healthy prostate cells can cause tumor growth and cancer. While the exact cause of prostate cancer remains unknown, certain factors that may increase your risk include:
- Age (increased risk over 40)
- Tobacco use
What Are the Primary Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is a significant health concern for men, with several factors known to increase the risk of developing this disease. Understanding these risk factors is crucial for early detection and effective management. The key risk factors for prostate cancer include:
- Age (increased risk over 40)
- Tobacco use
It's important for men, especially those over 40 or with multiple risk factors, to discuss prostate cancer screening with their healthcare provider. Early detection through regular screening at facilities like Kasraeian Urology can significantly improve treatment outcomes and overall prognosis.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer may be asymptomatic in the early stages, making routine prostate screenings important for men as they age — especially for those who may be at a higher risk. Some of the most common prostate cancer symptoms are:
- Frequent urination
- Difficulty urinating
- Burning or painful urination
- Lower back, upper thigh, or hip pain
- Dull pain in the pelvic area
- Weight loss
- Decreased appetite
- Blood in urine
how is Prostate Cancer diagnosed and treated?
Initial screenings for prostate cancer include prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests and digital rectal exams (DRE). Our prostate surgeons may then use MRI and ultrasound-assisted biopsy techniques to confirm a diagnosis. We strive to make prostate cancer screenings, diagnostics, and treatment as minimally invasive as possible for our patients. As a leading facility for prostate care, Kasraeian Urology offers a wide selection of prostate cancer treatments:
Active surveillance: Following a prostate cancer diagnosis, our urologists may monitor the condition over time or until it is appropriate to move forward with treatment. This approach might include routine prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests, digital rectal exams (DRE), advanced imaging, or biopsies. Active surveillance may be ideal for men with low-grade cancers or for whom treatment would pose undesired health risks.
High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU): Dr. Ali Kasraeian has advanced training in HIFU and is one of a few urologists in Jacksonville, FL to offer this minimally invasive, robotic-assisted prostate cancer treatment. HIFU targets and destroys cancer cells in the prostate by directing soundwave energy through the rectal wall to precise, focalized areas within the prostate gland. As an ablation-based treatment, HIFU carries few side effects and leaves surrounding healthy tissue intact.
TULSA-PRO Treatment: With Transurethral Ultrasound Ablation of the Prostate (TULSA), our urologists can take an incision-free approach to customized prostate cancer treatment. This ablation process works through MRI-guided ultrasound technology. Heat energy generated from the ultrasound unit is delivered to the prostate through the urethra to target and destroy cancerous areas of prostate tissue while preserving surrounding structures.
Radiation Treatment for Prostate Cancer: Radiation therapy destroys cancer cells through the use of high-energy x-ray beams. Our urologists may recommend this approach to help slow the growth of early-stage prostate cancers or for more advanced cases. Radiation may be used as a single treatment or in combination with other therapies.
Robotic Prostatectomy: Dr. Ali Kasraeian is a fellowship-trained expert in advanced robotics and laparoscopic prostate cancer surgeries. He uses the da Vinci robotic system to perform prostatectomies (removal of the prostate gland), which offers a minimally invasive approach for prostate cancer treatment. This state-of-the-art procedure requires fewer incisions, leaving patients with less post-treatment discomfort and a faster recovery period when compared to traditional surgical methods.
Prostate Cancer FAQ
How often should I get tested for prostate cancer?
For most males, prostate cancer should be tested for about every 2 – 3 years. However, if you have a family history of prostate cancer, you may need to be evaluated more regularly. With routine prostate examinations, cancer can be detected early, allowing for more effective treatment options.
How do I know which treatment option is best to treat my prostate cancer?
After a careful evaluation and a possible biopsy, our team of skilled physicians will determine the best course of treatment. In order to effectively eradicate your cancer, a personalized treatment plan will be curated that is ideal for you. The right procedure for you may depend on the severity and progression of your prostate cancer.
Who is most likely to get prostate cancer?
There are a few factors that can make an individual more susceptible to get prostate cancer. Hereditary factors play a large part in contracting prostate cancer. However, lifestyle factors can also contribute to a diagnosis.
Is prostate cancer preventable?
While there's no surefire way to prevent prostate cancer, adopting a healthier lifestyle can help lower your risk. Factors like maintaining a balanced diet, regular exercise, and avoiding tobacco can make a difference. At Kasraeian Urology, Drs. Ahmad and Ali Kasraeian encourage their patients to lead a lifestyle that promotes good prostate health.
Can prostate cancer recur after treatment?
Yes, prostate cancer can recur even after successful treatment, although the likelihood varies from person to person. Regular follow-ups with our board-certified urologists are crucial for monitoring any signs of recurrence. The type of treatment initially received, and the stage at which the cancer was first diagnosed, can influence the chances of recurrence.
How does Kasraeian Urology help with managing the side effects of prostate cancer treatment?
Managing side effects is an essential part of prostate cancer treatment. We are committed to offering comprehensive care that includes managing potential side effects like urinary incontinence or erectile dysfunction. Through personalized treatment plans and cutting-edge techniques, we aim to minimize these side effects and improve your quality of life during and after treatment.
Protect your prostate health
At Kasraeian Urology, our caring team understands the concerns a prostate cancer diagnosis carries for your health and wellness. We proudly offer the finest in prostate cancer treatment and accept several insurance plans, which may help lower your personal treatment costs. To schedule an in-office or telehealth consultation with Drs. Kasraeian, contact one of our locations in Jacksonville or Jacksonville Beach, FL today.
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